I recently became aware of how the S&W WhiteBox rules state on page 23:
Marv Breig, Swords & Wizardry WhiteBox, wrote:There is a +2 “to-hit” bonus for missile weapons utilized at short range (x1), a +1 “to-hit” bonus at medium range (x2), and no bonus or penalty for long range (x3) attacks
The range of, for instance, a long bow is 70 ft.: dungeon encounters usually don't take place on scales much larger than this, so on attacking with a long bow you typically receive the +2 on the to-hit roll. On top of that, you get 2 attacks per combat round! Why would anyone even bother picking up a sword, besides not having to keep track of spent arrows?